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Chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla or Chamaemelum nobile)


    Botanical name: Matricaria recutita  : Family: Compositae, the daisy family

    Botanical name: Chamaemelum nobile :  Family: Asteraceae

    Grow zone: 4-9

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    Chamomile, scientifically known as Matricaria chamomilla or Chamaemelum nobile, is an herb that has been used for centuries in traditional medicine. The flowers of chamomile have been used for centuries for its calming and soothing properties. While it is not a proven medical treatment for depression and anxiety, chamomile is often used in herbal medicine and traditional practices to promote relaxation and alleviate stress-related symptoms.

    While there is limited scientific research on the specific effects of chamomile for depression and anxiety, some studies suggest potential benefits. For example, a study published in the journal Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine in 2012 found that chamomile extract helped reduce symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder. Another study published in the Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology in 2009 indicated that chamomile extract had a mild antidepressant effect in individuals with mild to moderate depression.

    Here’s an overview of the traditional uses and potential health benefits of chamomile:

      1. Relaxation and Sleep: Chamomile is well-known for its calming properties. It is often used to promote relaxation, reduce anxiety, and improve sleep quality. Chamomile tea, made by steeping dried chamomile flowers in hot water, is a popular way to consume chamomile for relaxation purposes.

      1. Digestive Health: Chamomile has been used to support digestive health. It may help soothe the stomach, relieve indigestion, reduce gas and bloating, and alleviate symptoms of gastrointestinal conditions like irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Chamomile tea can be consumed before or after meals to promote digestion.

      1. Anti-inflammatory and Antioxidant Effects: Chamomile contains compounds with anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. These properties may help reduce inflammation, boost the immune system, and protect against oxidative stress. Chamomile preparations, such as tea or topical creams, are sometimes used for conditions like skin irritations, eczema, and minor wounds.

      1. Menstrual Health: Chamomile is believed to have mild antispasmodic properties, which may help relieve menstrual cramps and discomfort. Drinking chamomile tea during menstruation may help ease these symptoms.

      1. Oral Health: Chamomile is sometimes used for its potential benefits on oral health. It may help reduce gum inflammation, soothe oral sores, and promote overall oral hygiene. Chamomile tea can be used as a mouth rinse or gargle for these purposes.

    Chamomile can be used in various forms for medicinal purposes, including:

      • Chamomile Tea: Steep dried chamomile flowers in hot water for several minutes to make chamomile tea. Drink it while it is still warm.

      • Topical Applications: Chamomile can be used topically as a wash, compress, or in the form of creams and ointments for skin conditions or irritations.

    It’s important to note the following precautions when using chamomile as medicine:

      • Allergies and sensitivities: Some individuals may be allergic to chamomile, particularly those who are allergic to plants in the Asteraceae/Compositae family. If you have known allergies or sensitivities, use chamomile with caution.

      • Interaction with medications: Chamomile may interact with certain medications, such as blood thinners or sedatives. Consult with a healthcare professional before using chamomile if you are taking any medications.

      • Pregnancy and breastfeeding: It’s advisable to consult with a healthcare professional before using chamomile during pregnancy or while breastfeeding to ensure it is safe and appropriate for your situation.

    As with any herbal remedy, it’s important to consult with a healthcare professional or a qualified herbalist before using chamomile or any herbal product, especially if you have underlying health conditions or are taking medications. They can provide personalized guidance and ensure the safe and appropriate use of chamomile for your specific situation.

    Please note that the information provided here is for educational purposes only and should not be considered as medical advice.

    Medicinal Effects:

    Alterative (Health - increase; Vitality - increase): Restoring proper functioning to the body's metabolism, increasing health and vitality as well
    Analgesic (Pain - reduce; Anodyne): Relieves or diminishes pain
    Anti-inflammatory: Alleviate inflammation throughout the body
    Antidepressive (Mental Health - Depression; Depression):
    Antioxidant: A substance such as vitamin C or E that removes potentially damaging oxidizing agents in a living organism.
    Antiseptic (syn. Germicides): Destroys or controls pathogenic bacteria. Used topically  
    Antispasmodic (syn. Spasmolytics; Spasms - reduce): prevents and eases spasms and relieves cramps  
    Anxiety - Reduce (Mental health - Anxiety):
    Aromatic (Essential Oils):
    Carminative (Digestion - gas):
    Cholagogue (Digestion - Bile; Choleretic):
    Choleretic (Digestion - Bile; Cholagogue):
    Diaphoretic (sweat - promote): Promotes perspiration 
    Digestion - Bile (Cholagogue; Choleretic):
    Digestion - Gas Relief (Carminative; Gas Relief):
    Digestion - Increase:
    Emmenagogue (Menstrual; Uterine tonic): stimulates, regulates, and normalizes menstruation
    Febrifuge (see Antipyretic; Fever - Reduce): reduce fever
    Gas Relief (Carminative; Digestion - Gas Relief):
    Hepatic (Liver Function):
    Liver Function (Hepatic):
    Nervine - Nerves - Nervous System:
    Sedative (also see Hypnotic):
    Stomachic (appetite - increase; digestion - aid):
    Vulnerary (Wounds - Healing; Healing - Wounds;): Vulnerary herbs possess healing properties that promote tissue repair, aid in wound healing, and soothe skin irritations and injuries.

    Here are the steps to grow and harvest chamomile:

    1. Planting:
      • Choose a sunny location for planting chamomile. It prefers full sun but can tolerate partial shade.
      • Chamomile can be grown from seeds or nursery-grown seedlings.
      • Prepare the soil by removing weeds and loosening it with a garden fork or tiller.
      • Scatter chamomile seeds over the soil or plant seedlings, spacing them about 6 to 8 inches apart.
      • Gently press the seeds or seedlings into the soil and lightly cover them with a thin layer of soil.
      • Water the planted area gently to avoid disturbing the seeds.
    2. Watering and Care:
      • Keep the soil consistently moist during the germination period, which usually takes 1 to 2 weeks.
      • Once the chamomile plants are established, water them deeply but infrequently, allowing the top inch of soil to dry out between waterings.
      • Avoid overwatering, as chamomile prefers well-draining soil.
      • Mulch around the plants to help retain moisture and suppress weed growth.
    3. Maintenance:
      • Chamomile is a low-maintenance herb.
      • Remove weeds regularly to prevent competition for nutrients.
      • Deadhead the spent flowers regularly to encourage continuous blooming.
      • Chamomile can be sensitive to drought and heat stress. If you live in a hot climate, provide some shade during the hottest parts of the day to protect the plants.
    4. Harvesting:
      • Harvest chamomile flowers when they are fully open and at their peak.
      • Gently pluck the flowers from the stems by hand or use small scissors or shears.
      • To harvest in larger quantities, you can cut the top few inches of the chamomile plant, including the flowers and some of the foliage.
      • Dry the chamomile flowers by spreading them out on a clean, dry surface in a well-ventilated area away from direct sunlight. Turn them occasionally until they are completely dry.
      • Once dry, store the chamomile flowers in an airtight container away from light and moisture.

    How to use as medicine:

    Chamomile can be used as medicine in various forms. Here are some common methods of using chamomile for its potential medicinal benefits:

    1. Chamomile Tea:
    • Steep 2-3 teaspoons of dried chamomile flowers in a cup of hot water for about 5-10 minutes.
    • Strain the tea and drink it while it is still warm.
    • Chamomile tea can be consumed up to several times a day, depending on individual preferences and needs.
    1. Topical Applications:
    • For skin irritations, minor wounds, or insect bites, prepare a chamomile wash by steeping chamomile flowers in hot water and allowing it to cool.
    • Once the wash has cooled, use a clean cloth or cotton ball to apply it to the affected area.
    1. Inhalation:
    • Chamomile steam inhalation can be beneficial for respiratory issues or congestion.
    • Add a few drops of chamomile essential oil or a handful of dried chamomile flowers to a bowl of hot water.
    • Lean over the bowl, cover your head with a towel, and inhale the steam for a few minutes.
    1. Compress:
    • Prepare a chamomile compress by soaking a clean cloth in chamomile tea or a chamomile infusion (stronger preparation than tea).
    • Apply the compress to the affected area, such as a sore muscle or a swollen joint, for soothing and anti-inflammatory effects.


    Please note that the information provided here is for educational purposes only and should not be considered as medical advice.