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Dill (Anethum graveolens)

    Dill plant with oil

    Family: Umbelliferae, the parsley family

    Grow zone: 2-11

    Dill (Anethum graveolens) is a culinary herb that has also been used for its medicinal properties for centuries. It belongs to the Apiaceae family and is native to the Mediterranean region. Dill has a unique flavor profile, often described as fresh, tangy, and slightly sweet, which makes it a popular ingredient in various cuisines worldwide. Beyond its culinary uses, dill has been attributed with several potential health benefits:

    1. Digestive Health: Dill has traditionally been used to aid digestion and relieve gastrointestinal issues. It may help soothe digestive discomfort, reduce gas and bloating, and alleviate symptoms of indigestion.
    2. Anti-inflammatory Properties: Dill contains flavonoids and other compounds that possess anti-inflammatory properties. These properties may help reduce inflammation in the body and provide relief for conditions such as arthritis and inflammatory bowel diseases.
    3. Antioxidant Activity: Dill contains antioxidants, including flavonoids, which help protect the body against free radicals and oxidative stress. Antioxidants play a crucial role in maintaining overall health and reducing the risk of chronic diseases.
    4. Diuretic Effects: Dill has diuretic properties, which means it may help promote urine production and increase the elimination of waste products and excess fluids from the body. This can be beneficial for reducing water retention and supporting kidney health.
    5. Calming and Sleep Aid: Dill has mild sedative and calming effects. It has been used traditionally to promote relaxation, relieve anxiety, and improve sleep quality. Dill seeds or essential oil are often used in aromatherapy for their soothing properties.
    6. Breast Milk Production: Dill is believed to have galactagogue properties, which means it may help stimulate the production of breast milk in nursing mothers. It is commonly used in herbal remedies and traditional practices to support lactation.

    Dill can be incorporated into your diet in various forms, including fresh dill leaves, dried dill, dill seeds, or dill essential oil. It can be used as a seasoning in dishes, added to salads, soups, pickles, and sauces, or brewed into herbal teas.

    Medicinal Effects:

    Anti-inflammatory: Alleviate inflammation throughout the body
    Anti-parasitic (Parasites - Destroy; Vermifuge; Anthelmintic; Worms: Parasitic - Destroy):
    Anti-rheumatic (Arthritis - Relief): Alleviate symptoms associated with arthritis, such as joint pain and stiffness. Available in various forms, including capsules, extracts, and topical creams, which are used for joint pain relief.
    Antibacterial: destroy or inhibit the growth of bacteria  
    Antioxidant: A substance such as vitamin C or E that removes potentially damaging oxidizing agents in a living organism.
    Antispasmodic (syn. Spasmolytics; Spasms - reduce): prevents and eases spasms and relieves cramps  
    Aromatic (Essential Oils):
    Arthritis - Reduce Inflammation/Swelling (Anti-rheumatic): Alleviate symptoms associated with arthritis, such as joint pain and stiffness. Available in various forms, including capsules, extracts, and topical creams, which are used for joint pain relief.
    Carminative (Digestion - gas):
    Digestion - Gas Relief (Carminative; Gas Relief):
    Digestion - Increase:
    Digestive health - General: Supports digestive health by promoting healthy gut bacteria and reducing symptoms of digestive disorders. When taken in various forms, such as in teas or extracts, may help soothe gastrointestinal issues like indigestion, constipation, and diarrhea. For example: may help alleviate conditions like irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and improve overall gut function.
    Diuretic (Urine - increase): Increases the secretion and expulsion of urine 
    Expectorant (Mucus - resolve): expels mucus in the respiratory system  
    Galactagogue (Milk Supply - Increase):
    Gas Relief (Carminative; Digestion - Gas Relief):
    Milk Supply - Increase (Galactagogue):
    Stomachic (appetite - increase; digestion - aid):

    How to grow and harvest

    Growing and harvesting dill is relatively easy, and it can be grown both in outdoor gardens and indoor containers. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to grow and harvest dill:

    1. Select a planting location: Choose a sunny spot in your garden that receives at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight per day. Ensure the soil is well-draining and fertile.
    2. Planting seeds: Dill can be grown directly from seeds. Plant the seeds in the desired location, either in rows or scattered across the soil surface. The seeds should be sown about ¼ to ½ inch deep in the soil.
    3. Watering: Keep the soil consistently moist, especially during the germination period. Be careful not to overwater, as dill prefers slightly drier conditions once established.
    4. Thinning: Once the seedlings have emerged and reached a height of a few inches, thin them out to provide enough space for growth. Space the plants about 12 to 18 inches apart to allow proper airflow and prevent overcrowding.
    5. Fertilization: Dill generally doesn’t require heavy fertilization. However, you can incorporate compost or well-rotted organic matter into the soil before planting to provide some nutrients. If needed, you can also apply a balanced organic fertilizer during the growing season.
    6. Care and maintenance: Dill is relatively low-maintenance. Keep the soil moist but not waterlogged, and provide support if needed to prevent tall plants from bending or toppling over. Regularly check for pests such as aphids or caterpillars and take appropriate measures to control them.
    7. Harvesting leaves: Dill leaves can be harvested once the plants have reached a height of about 8-12 inches. Cut the outer leaves near the base of the plant, leaving the inner leaves to continue growing. Regularly harvesting the leaves will encourage bushier growth.
    8. Harvesting seeds: If you’re interested in harvesting dill seeds (commonly known as dill weed), allow a few plants to flower and go to seed. Once the flowers have dried and turned brown, cut the seed heads and place them in a paper bag. Shake the bag to release the seeds, and store them in an airtight container for future use.
    9. Saving seeds: To save dill seeds for future planting, allow the seed heads to fully mature and dry on the plant. Then, remove the seeds from the seed heads and store them in a cool, dry place until the next planting season.

    Remember that dill can self-sow easily, so be mindful of its potential to spread in your garden. Harvesting dill regularly and preventing it from going to seed can help control its spread if desired.

    By following these steps, you can enjoy fresh dill leaves for culinary use and even harvest seeds for seasoning or future planting. Enjoy the process of growing and harvesting your own dill, and experiment with using this aromatic herb in your favorite recipes!

    How to use as medicine:

    Dill can be used as a natural remedy in various forms, including fresh dill leaves, dried dill, dill seeds, or dill essential oil. Here are some common methods of using dill as medicine:

    1. Herbal tea: Prepare a dill tea by steeping fresh or dried dill leaves or seeds in hot water for about 10 minutes. Strain and drink the tea. Dill tea can be soothing for digestion, helping to relieve bloating, gas, and indigestion.
    2. Infused oil: Create a dill-infused oil by placing fresh dill leaves or seeds in a jar and covering them with a carrier oil, such as olive oil or almond oil. Let the mixture sit for several weeks to infuse the oil with the medicinal properties of dill. Strain the oil and use it topically for soothing skin irritations or as a massage oil.
    3. Aromatherapy: Dill essential oil can be used in aromatherapy to promote relaxation, relieve anxiety, and improve sleep. Add a few drops of dill essential oil to a diffuser or inhale the aroma directly from the bottle. Ensure that the essential oil is of high quality and properly diluted if applying to the skin.
    4. Digestive aid: Chew on a few fresh dill leaves or swallow a small amount of dill seeds after a meal to support digestion and reduce digestive discomfort.
    5. Culinary uses: Incorporate dill into your cooking to enjoy its potential health benefits. Add fresh or dried dill leaves to salads, soups, stews, sauces, or marinades. Dill seeds can be used as a spice in pickling, baking, or seasoning dishes.
    6. Herbal preparations: Dill can be used in combination with other herbs to create herbal preparations, such as tinctures, poultices, or salves. Consult with a qualified herbalist or healthcare professional for guidance on specific herbal formulations and dosages.

    Dill Salve Recipe

    Dill salve can be a soothing and nourishing topical preparation that combines the medicinal properties of dill with the benefits of a carrier oil and beeswax. Here’s a simple recipe to make a dill salve at home:


    • 1 cup of carrier oil (e.g., olive oil, coconut oil, sweet almond oil)
    • 1/4 cup of dried dill leaves or 1/2 cup of fresh dill leaves
    • 1-2 tablespoons of beeswax pellets or grated beeswax
    • Optional: a few drops of dill essential oil (ensure it is properly diluted if using)


    • Double boiler or a heatproof glass bowl and a saucepan
    • Strainer or cheesecloth
    • Clean glass jars or tins for storage


    1. Infuse the carrier oil: In a double boiler or a heatproof glass bowl placed over a saucepan filled with water, combine the carrier oil and dried dill leaves. Heat the mixture on low to medium heat for 1-2 hours, stirring occasionally. If using fresh dill leaves, you can skip this step and proceed to the next one.
    2. Strain the infused oil: Once the oil has been infused with the dill’s properties, remove it from the heat and let it cool slightly. Strain the oil using a strainer or cheesecloth into a clean container, separating the plant material from the oil. Compress the plant material to extract as much oil as possible.
    3. Create the salve mixture: In a clean double boiler or a heatproof glass bowl, combine the infused oil and beeswax. Heat the mixture on low heat until the beeswax melts completely, stirring occasionally. The amount of beeswax can be adjusted based on the desired consistency of the salve. If desired, add a few drops of dill essential oil for additional fragrance and benefits.
    4. Test the consistency: To test the consistency of the salve, place a small amount on a spoon and let it cool. If it’s too soft, add more beeswax. If it’s too hard, add a bit more infused oil. Stir well to incorporate any added ingredients.
    5. Pour and store: Carefully pour the salve mixture into clean, dry glass jars or tins. Let it cool completely and solidify before sealing the containers with lids. Label the jars with the date and contents.

    Your homemade dill salve is ready to use! Apply it topically to soothe and nourish the skin. The salve can be used for minor skin irritations, dryness, or as a general moisturizer. It’s important to note that while dill is generally safe for external use, individual sensitivities or allergies may exist. If you experience any adverse reactions, discontinue use and consult a healthcare professional.

    Properly stored in a cool, dark place, the dill salve can last for several months. Enjoy the benefits of this natural topical preparation!