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Lavender (Lavandula augustifolia)


    Family: Labriatae or Lamiaceae (mint)

    Grow zones: 5-9

    Lavender, scientifically known as Lavandula angustifolia, is a popular herb known for its pleasant fragrance and potential medicinal properties. It has been used for centuries in traditional medicine for various purposes. Here’s an overview of the traditional uses and potential health benefits of lavender:

    1. Relaxation and Stress Relief: Lavender is widely recognized for its calming and relaxing effects. It is often used to reduce anxiety, promote relaxation, and improve sleep quality. The aroma of lavender essential oil or the use of lavender products like sachets or pillows can help create a soothing environment.
    2. Mood Enhancement: Lavender is believed to have mood-enhancing properties. It may help alleviate symptoms of mild depression, irritability, and mood swings. Inhalation of lavender essential oil or using lavender-based products in aromatherapy may be beneficial.
    3. Skin Care: Lavender has been used for its potential skin-soothing properties. It may help calm skin irritations, reduce inflammation, and promote wound healing. Lavender essential oil can be diluted and applied topically to the skin, but it’s important to do a patch test and ensure proper dilution to avoid skin irritation.
    4. Headache Relief: Lavender may offer relief from headaches and migraines. Inhalation of lavender essential oil or applying a diluted lavender oil to the temples or forehead might help alleviate headache symptoms.
    5. Respiratory Health: Lavender has mild expectorant properties and can be used to support respiratory health. Inhaling steam infused with lavender essential oil or using lavender in a diffuser may help relieve congestion and promote easier breathing.
    6. Digestive Support: Lavender is sometimes used to aid digestion and alleviate gastrointestinal discomfort. It may help soothe digestive issues like indigestion, bloating, and stomach cramps. Lavender tea or infusions can be consumed for digestive support.

    Medicinal Effects:

    Adaptogenic (fatigue - reduce; antidepressive; stress - reduce):
    Analgesic (Pain - reduce; Anodyne): Relieves or diminishes pain
    Anti-fungal: Antifungal herbs possess natural compounds that inhibit the growth and spread of fungal infections, offering relief and promoting a healthy microbial balance.
    Anti-inflammatory: Alleviate inflammation throughout the body
    Anti-microbial: Antimicrobial herbs possess natural properties that help combat harmful microorganisms and promote a healthy immune system
    Anti-rheumatic (Arthritis - Relief): Alleviate symptoms associated with arthritis, such as joint pain and stiffness. Available in various forms, including capsules, extracts, and topical creams, which are used for joint pain relief.
    Anti-viral: destroy and inhibit the spread of viral infections
    Antibacterial: destroy or inhibit the growth of bacteria  
    Antidepressive (Mental Health - Depression; Depression):
    Antiseptic (syn. Germicides): Destroys or controls pathogenic bacteria. Used topically  
    Antispasmodic (syn. Spasmolytics; Spasms - reduce): prevents and eases spasms and relieves cramps  
    Aromatic (Essential Oils):
    Arthritis - Reduce Inflammation/Swelling (Anti-rheumatic): Alleviate symptoms associated with arthritis, such as joint pain and stiffness. Available in various forms, including capsules, extracts, and topical creams, which are used for joint pain relief.
    Blood Pressure - Lower (Hypotensive):
    Carminative (Digestion - gas):
    Cholagogue (Digestion - Bile; Choleretic):
    Choleretic (Digestion - Bile; Cholagogue):
    Cicatrisant (Skin - Scar Stimulant):
    Cough And Cold (Decongestant; Demulcent; Anti-catarrhal; Antitussive):
    Cytophylactic (Skin - cell growth):
    Decongestant (Cough & Cold - Congestion):
    Deodorant (odors - reduce):
    Diaphoretic (sweat - promote): Promotes perspiration 
    Digestion - Bile (Cholagogue; Choleretic):
    Digestion - Gas Relief (Carminative; Gas Relief):
    Diuretic (Urine - increase): Increases the secretion and expulsion of urine 
    Emmenagogue (Menstrual; Uterine tonic): stimulates, regulates, and normalizes menstruation
    Gas Relief (Carminative; Digestion - Gas Relief):
    Headache & Migraine:
    Hypotensive (blood pressure - lower):
    Nervine - Nerves - Nervous System:
    Sedative (also see Hypnotic):
    Skin - Cell growth (Cytophylactic):
    Vulnerary (Wounds - Healing; Healing - Wounds;): Vulnerary herbs possess healing properties that promote tissue repair, aid in wound healing, and soothe skin irritations and injuries.

    Here are the steps to grow and harvest lavender:

    1. Planting:
      • Choose a sunny location with well-draining soil. Lavender prefers full sun, so ensure it receives at least 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight per day.
      • Lavender grows best in soil that is slightly alkaline, with a pH level between 6.5 and 7.5.
      • If the soil in your area is heavy or clayey, amend it with organic matter like compost or well-rotted manure to improve drainage.
      • Dig a hole that is slightly larger than the root ball of the lavender plant.
      • Place the plant in the hole, ensuring that the top of the root ball is level with or slightly above the soil surface.
      • Backfill the hole with soil, gently firming it around the plant.
    2. Watering and Care:
      • Lavender is drought-tolerant once established, but it needs regular watering during the first few months after planting to establish its roots.
      • Water deeply but infrequently, allowing the soil to dry out between waterings. Overwatering can lead to root rot.
      • Mulch around the plants to help retain moisture and suppress weed growth. Avoid mulching too close to the stem to prevent moisture-related issues.
      • Lavender doesn’t require heavy fertilization. A light application of organic fertilizer or compost in the spring can help promote healthy growth.
    3. Maintenance:
      • Prune lavender lightly in early spring to shape the plant and remove any dead or damaged growth. Avoid cutting into the woody stems.
      • After the first bloom, you can prune the plants more severely to encourage bushier growth and prevent them from becoming too leggy.
      • Remove any weeds around the lavender plants to minimize competition for nutrients.
      • In colder climates, protect the lavender plants during winter by mulching around the base or covering them with a breathable fabric.
    4. Harvesting:
      • Wait until the lavender plants have reached maturity, usually in their second or third year, before harvesting.
      • Harvest lavender when the flower buds have formed and are showing color but haven’t fully opened yet.
      • Cut the flower stems just above the first set of leaves using sharp pruning shears or scissors.
      • To dry the lavender, gather a bunch of stems and tie them together with a string. Hang them upside down in a cool, dark, and well-ventilated area for several weeks until fully dry.
      • Once dry, gently remove the flowers from the stems and store them in an airtight container away from light and moisture.

    How to use as medicine:

    Lavender can be used as medicine in various forms. Here are some common methods of using lavender for its potential medicinal benefits:

    1. Inhalation/Essential Oil:
    • Add a few drops of lavender essential oil to a diffuser or vaporizer and inhale the aromatic vapors. This can help promote relaxation, reduce anxiety, and improve sleep quality.
    • Alternatively, you can place a few drops of lavender essential oil on a tissue or handkerchief and inhale the scent directly.
    1. Topical Application:
    • Dilute lavender essential oil with a carrier oil, such as jojoba oil or coconut oil, before applying it to the skin. The general dilution ratio is about 2-5 drops of essential oil per tablespoon of carrier oil.
    • Apply the diluted lavender oil to the skin for various purposes, such as relieving skin irritations, promoting wound healing, or reducing muscle tension. Massage it gently into the skin.
    1. Lavender Tea:
    • Steep dried lavender flowers in hot water for about 5-10 minutes to make lavender tea.
    • Strain the tea and drink it while it is still warm. Lavender tea can be enjoyed for its relaxing and soothing properties.
    1. Bath:
    • Add a few drops of lavender essential oil to a warm bath and soak in it for 15-20 minutes. This can help promote relaxation, relieve muscle tension, and provide a calming experience.
    1. Lavender Sachets:
    • Fill small cloth bags or pouches with dried lavender flowers and place them in drawers, closets, or under pillows. This can help freshen the air and promote relaxation.

    It’s important to consider the following when using lavender as medicine:

    • Quality and sourcing: Choose high-quality lavender products, such as essential oils or dried flowers, from reputable sources to ensure their efficacy and safety.
    • Allergies and sensitivities: Some individuals may be allergic to lavender. If you have known allergies, perform a patch test before using lavender products.
    • Pregnancy and breastfeeding: Pregnant or breastfeeding individuals should consult with a healthcare professional before using lavender to ensure its safety for their situation.
    • Interactions with medications: Lavender may interact with certain medications, so it’s advisable to consult with a healthcare professional if you are taking any medications.

    How to make lavender essential oil

    Making lavender essential oil at home requires a distillation process, which can be quite involved and requires specialized equipment. However, I can provide a simplified version of the process for educational purposes. Please note that the quality and potency of homemade essential oil may vary compared to commercially produced oils. Here’s a basic method:

    Ingredients and Equipment:

    • Fresh or dried lavender flowers
    • Distillation apparatus (such as a distillation kit or still)
    • Water
    • Heat source (e.g., stovetop, electric burner)
    • Ice or cold water (for condensation)


    1. Harvesting Lavender:
      • Choose a lavender variety known for its aromatic properties, such as Lavandula angustifolia.
      • Harvest the lavender flowers early in the morning after the dew has dried but before the sun gets too hot.
      • Cut the flower stems just above the leaves, ensuring that you have a sufficient quantity for the oil extraction process.
    2. Preparing the Distillation Apparatus:
      • Set up your distillation apparatus according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
      • Fill the distillation flask or chamber with water, leaving enough space for the lavender flowers.
      • Place the lavender flowers in the water-filled chamber, ensuring they are fully submerged.
    3. Distillation Process:
      • Heat the water in the distillation flask or chamber. The heat should be gentle and controlled to allow steam to form.
      • As the water heats up, steam will pass through the lavender flowers, carrying the essential oil molecules.
      • The steam and essential oil vapor will rise and travel through the condensation tube or coil.
    4. Condensation and Collection:
      • Position the condensation tube or coil in a container of ice or cold water to facilitate condensation.
      • As the steam cools, it will condense back into liquid form, along with the essential oil.
      • The condensed liquid, which consists of water and essential oil, will collect in the receiving container placed at the end of the condensation tube.
    5. Separating the Essential Oil:
      • Once the distillation process is complete, you’ll find that the essential oil has separated from the water.
      • Allow the mixture to sit undisturbed until the oil floats to the top.
      • Carefully separate the essential oil layer from the water layer using a pipette or by carefully pouring it into a separate container.
    6. Storage:
      • Transfer the lavender essential oil to a dark glass bottle with a tight-fitting lid.
      • Store the bottle in a cool, dark place away from direct sunlight or heat sources to preserve the oil’s quality and potency.

    Please note that this simplified method may not yield a highly concentrated lavender essential oil compared to commercially produced versions. It’s important to exercise caution and follow proper safety guidelines when using any equipment involving heat and steam.