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Passionflower (Passiflora incarnata)


    Family: Passifloraceae

    Grow zone: 7-10

    Passionflower is a plant that is known for its calming properties. It has been shown to reduce symptoms of anxiety and depression by promoting relaxation and reducing stress levels. Passionflower can be used in the form of tea, tincture, or as a supplement. It is important to note that passionflower can interact with certain medications, including antidepressants and sedatives. It is important to speak with your healthcare provider before taking passionflower.

    Medicinal Effects:

    How to grow and harvest

    Growing and harvesting passionflower can be a rewarding experience. Here are some general guidelines to help you get started:

    1. Climate and Soil Requirements:
      • Passionflower thrives in warm climates and is typically grown in USDA hardiness zones 6 to 11.
      • It prefers well-draining soil with a slightly acidic to neutral pH (around 6.0 to 7.0).
      • Choose a location with full sun to partial shade, ideally with protection from strong winds.
    2. Propagation:
      • Passionflower can be propagated from seeds, stem cuttings, or root cuttings.
      • Seeds: Soak the seeds in warm water for 24 hours before planting to enhance germination. Sow the seeds in a seed-starting mix, lightly pressing them into the soil. Keep the soil consistently moist and maintain a warm temperature (around 70-80°F or 21-27°C) for successful germination.
      • Cuttings: Take stem cuttings in late spring or early summer, ensuring they have a few nodes. Remove the lower leaves and dip the cut ends in rooting hormone. Plant the cuttings in a well-draining potting mix and keep them in a warm, humid environment until roots develop.
    3. Planting:
      • Choose a suitable location in your garden or prepare a large container if you’re growing passionflower as a potted plant.
      • Dig a hole slightly larger than the root ball of the passionflower plant.
      • Place the plant in the hole and backfill with soil, gently firming it around the roots.
      • Water thoroughly after planting to help settle the soil.
    4. Care and Maintenance:
      • Water the plant regularly, keeping the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged.
      • Mulch around the base of the plant to help retain moisture and suppress weed growth.
      • Provide support for climbing varieties of passionflower, such as trellises or fences.
      • Prune the plant in early spring to remove dead or damaged growth and promote healthy new growth.
      • Fertilize with a balanced organic fertilizer once or twice a year, following the manufacturer’s instructions.
    5. Harvesting:
      • Passionflower vines typically start producing flowers in the second or third year.
      • Harvest the flowers when they are fully open and in their prime. The flowers are usually fragrant and have an intricate structure with prominent stamens and pistils.
      • Gently pluck the flowers from the vine, taking care not to damage the plant.
      • Dry the harvested flowers by spreading them in a single layer on a clean, dry surface, away from direct sunlight and moisture. Allow them to dry completely before storing in an airtight container.

    It’s important to note that passionflower can be a vigorous climber, so it may require regular pruning and training to prevent it from taking over other plants or structures.

    How to use as medicine:

    Passionflower (Passiflora incarnata) can be used as a herbal medicine in various forms to potentially promote relaxation and alleviate symptoms related to anxiety and sleep disorders. Here are some common ways to use passionflower:

    1. Herbal Tea: Passionflower tea is a popular method of using the herb. You can consume passionflower tea up to three times a day, especially before bedtime to promote better sleep.
    2. Liquid Extract or Tincture: Passionflower is available as a liquid extract or tincture.  Typically, you would mix a few drops of the extract in water or another beverage and consume it orally.

    When using passionflower as a medicine, it’s essential to consider the following:

    • Start with a lower dose and gradually increase it if needed, as individual responses can vary.
    • Consult with a healthcare professional before using passionflower, especially if you are pregnant, breastfeeding, have underlying health conditions, or are taking other medications, as there may be potential interactions or contraindications.
    • Be aware that passionflower may cause drowsiness, so avoid driving or operating machinery if you experience sedative effects.
    • If you have any known allergies to plants in the Passifloraceae family, such as passionfruit, it’s advisable to exercise caution or consult with a healthcare professional before using passionflower.

    Passionflower Herbal Tea Recipe


    • 1-2 teaspoons of dried passionflower leaves and flowers
    • 1 cup of hot water


    1. Boil water in a kettle or pot and let it cool for a minute or two until it reaches a temperature of about 190-200°F (87-93°C). Avoid using boiling water, as it can degrade some of the beneficial compounds in the passionflower.
    2. Place the dried passionflower leaves and flowers in a tea infuser, tea ball, or a small mesh bag. Alternatively, you can place the herbs directly in a cup or teapot if you plan to strain them later.
    3. Pour the hot water over the passionflower in the cup or teapot.
    4. Steep the passionflower for about 10-15 minutes, allowing the herbs to release their flavors and beneficial compounds. If using a teapot, cover it with a lid or a small plate to retain the heat during steeping.
    5. After steeping, remove the infuser or strain the tea to separate the liquid from the herbs.
    6. Optionally, you can sweeten the tea with honey, maple syrup, or another natural sweetener if desired.
    7. Enjoy the passionflower tea while it’s warm. You can drink it as is or sip it slowly for a more relaxing experience. Passionflower tea is often consumed before bedtime to promote better sleep.

    Passionflower Tincture Recipe

    Making a passionflower tincture at home requires a few weeks of steeping time, but it can be a convenient and long-lasting way to use passionflower medicinally.


    • Dried passionflower leaves and flowers
    • Alcohol with high proof, such as vodka or brandy (at least 40% alcohol content)
    • Glass jar with a tight-fitting lid
    • Cheesecloth or fine mesh strainer
    • Amber glass dropper bottles for storing the tincture


    1. Measure out the desired amount of dried passionflower leaves and flowers. A common ratio is 1 part dried herb to 5 parts alcohol, but you can adjust this based on your preferences.
    2. Place the passionflower herb in a clean glass jar.
    3. Pour enough alcohol into the jar to completely cover the herbs, ensuring they are fully submerged. Use a spoon or clean utensil to press down on the herbs to remove any air pockets.
    4. Close the jar tightly with the lid.
    5. Place the jar in a cool, dark place, such as a cupboard or pantry.
    6. Allow the mixture to steep for at least 4 to 6 weeks. During this time, gently shake the jar every few days to help distribute the herbal properties into the alcohol.
    7. After the steeping period, strain the tincture by pouring the mixture through a cheesecloth or fine mesh strainer to remove the plant material. Squeeze the cloth or strainer to extract as much liquid as possible.
    8. Transfer the strained tincture into amber glass dropper bottles for storage. Amber glass helps protect the tincture from light exposure.
    9. Label the bottles with the date and contents of the tincture.
    10. Store the tincture in a cool, dark place. When stored properly, it can last for several years.


    When using the tincture, it’s generally recommended to dilute it in a small amount of water or juice before consuming. This can help mask the taste of the alcohol and facilitate easier absorption.