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Rhodiola (Rhodiola rosea)


    Family: Crassulaceae

    Other names: Rhodiola, Golden root, Arctic Root

    Grow zone: All Zones

    Rhodiola (Rhodiola rosea), also known as golden root or Arctic root, is an herb that has been traditionally used in herbal medicine to potentially improve mental and physical performance, reduce fatigue, and alleviate symptoms related to stress, depression, and anxiety. While research on its effectiveness is ongoing, Rhodiola has gained popularity as an adaptogenic herb that may help the body cope with stress and promote overall well-being.

    Potential Benefits:

    • Adaptogenic Properties: Rhodiola is classified as an adaptogen, which means it may help the body adapt to and resist various stressors, including psychological stress. This can potentially contribute to improved mood and reduced symptoms of anxiety and depression.
    • Mood Enhancement: Rhodiola is believed to influence neurotransmitters such as serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine, which are involved in regulating mood. It may support a more balanced emotional state and potentially alleviate symptoms of depression and anxiety.
    • Energy and Fatigue Reduction: Rhodiola has been traditionally used to combat fatigue and improve physical and mental energy levels, which can indirectly impact mood and overall well-being.

    Medicinal Effects:

    How to grow and harvest

    Growing and harvesting Rhodiola (Rhodiola rosea) can be a rewarding process. Here are some general guidelines to help you cultivate and harvest Rhodiola:

    1. Climate and Growing Conditions:
      • Rhodiola is native to colder regions, such as the Arctic and mountainous areas. It thrives in cold climates and prefers well-drained soil with good moisture retention.
      • Choose a location that receives partial shade to full sun, depending on your climate. Rhodiola can tolerate different light conditions but may require more shade in hotter regions.
      • Ensure the soil is well-drained, loamy, and rich in organic matter. Amend the soil with compost or well-rotted manure before planting to improve its fertility.
    2. Planting Rhodiola:
      • Rhodiola is typically propagated from cuttings or purchased as young plants from nurseries. Growing from seeds can be challenging and time-consuming.
      • Plant Rhodiola in early spring or early fall. Dig holes that are wide and deep enough to accommodate the root system of the plant.
      • Space the plants about 12 to 18 inches (30 to 45 cm) apart to allow for adequate airflow and growth.
    3. Care and Maintenance:
      • Water the Rhodiola plants regularly, especially during dry periods, to keep the soil evenly moist. Avoid overwatering, as excessive moisture can lead to root rot.
      • Apply a layer of organic mulch, such as straw or wood chips, around the base of the plants to help retain soil moisture and suppress weed growth.
      • Rhodiola is a low-maintenance plant that typically does not require fertilization. However, if your soil lacks nutrients, you can apply a balanced organic fertilizer during the growing season.
    4. Harvesting Rhodiola:
      • Rhodiola roots are usually harvested in the fall when the plant has reached maturity, which is usually after three to four years of growth.
      • To harvest, carefully dig up the entire plant, including the roots, using a garden fork or shovel. Be gentle to avoid damaging the roots.
      • Shake off excess soil and remove any attached plant debris. Trim the leaves and stems, leaving only the roots for further processing.
    5. Drying and Storing Rhodiola:
      • Rinse the harvested roots with cool water to remove any remaining soil.
      • Dry the roots in a well-ventilated area away from direct sunlight. You can hang them in bunches or spread them out on a clean screen or drying rack.
      • Allow the roots to dry completely, which may take several weeks. They should become dry, firm, and brittle to the touch.
      • Store the dried Rhodiola roots in airtight containers, such as glass jars, in a cool, dark, and dry place. Label the containers with the date of harvest.

    It’s important to note that Rhodiola cultivation can be challenging, especially if you live in a warmer climate. It may be more feasible to grow Rhodiola in pots or containers, allowing you to control the growing conditions more effectively.

    If you are considering growing Rhodiola, it’s advisable to consult local gardening experts or agricultural extension services for guidance specific to your region. They can provide insights on suitable varieties and cultivation techniques tailored to your climate and growing conditions.

    How to use as medicine:

    Rhodiola (Rhodiola rosea) can be used as a herbal medicine in various forms to potentially promote well-being and alleviate symptoms related to stress, fatigue, depression, and anxiety. Here are some common ways to use Rhodiola:

    1. Liquid Extract: Rhodiola can be made into liquid extracts or tinctures.
    2. Powder:  Use a coffee grinder to turn dried root into a powder. You can mix the powder into water, juice, or a smoothie. Alternatively, you can use the powder to make supplements with a capsule filler. Typically, a common dosage range is 200-600 mg per day, divided into two or three doses. It’s important to start with a lower dosage and gradually increase it if needed.
    3. Tea Infusion: While not as common as other forms, Rhodiola can be used to make an herbal tea infusion. To prepare the infusion, steep 1-2 teaspoons of dried Rhodiola root in hot water for about 10-15 minutes. Strain the liquid and drink it. You can consume Rhodiola tea up to three times a day, preferably between meals.

    Dosage and duration of use can vary depending on the individual and the specific product. It’s advisable to follow the instructions provided by the manufacturer or consult with a healthcare professional for personalized guidance.

    Rhodiola Tincture Recipe

    To make a Rhodiola tincture at home, you’ll need the following ingredients and materials:


    • Dried Rhodiola root (approximately 1 part)
    • High-proof alcohol (such as vodka or brandy) with at least 40% alcohol content (approximately 4 parts)


    • Glass jar with a tight-fitting lid
    • Cheesecloth or fine mesh strainer
    • Amber glass dropper bottles for storage

    Here’s a step-by-step recipe to make a Rhodiola tincture:

    1. Measure the dried Rhodiola root: Determine the desired amount of dried Rhodiola root you’d like to use. A common ratio is 1 part herb to 4 parts alcohol. For example, if you have 50 grams of Rhodiola root, you would need 200 milliliters of alcohol.
    2. Grind the Rhodiola root (optional): If desired, you can grind the dried Rhodiola root into smaller pieces using a mortar and pestle or a clean coffee grinder. Grinding the root can help increase its surface area, potentially enhancing the extraction process. However, this step is optional.
    3. Place the Rhodiola root in a glass jar: Place the dried Rhodiola root, either whole or ground, into a clean glass jar.
    4. Add alcohol to the jar: Pour the high-proof alcohol into the jar, making sure the Rhodiola root is completely submerged. Use a spoon or clean utensil to press down on the herb and remove any air pockets.
    5. Seal the jar tightly: Securely close the jar with the lid, ensuring it is tightly sealed.
    6. Store the jar: Place the jar in a cool, dark place, such as a cupboard or pantry, where it can remain undisturbed for at least 4 to 6 weeks. This allows the Rhodiola root to steep and infuse its properties into the alcohol. During this time, gently shake the jar every few days to promote the extraction process.
    7. Strain the tincture: After the steeping period, strain the tincture by pouring the mixture through a cheesecloth or fine mesh strainer into a clean bowl or jar. Squeeze the cloth or strainer to extract as much liquid as possible.
    8. Bottle the tincture: Transfer the strained tincture into amber glass dropper bottles for storage. Amber glass helps protect the tincture from light exposure, which can degrade its potency.
    9. Label and store the bottles: Label the bottles with the date and contents of the tincture. Store the bottles in a cool, dark place away from direct sunlight and heat. When stored properly, the Rhodiola tincture can last for several years.